(also called self-construction
) is a multi-dimensional construct that refers to an individual's perception of "self" in relation to any number of characteristics, such as academics (and nonacademics), gender roles and sexuality, racial identity, and many others. Each of these characteristics is a research domain (i.e. Academic Self-Concept) within the larger spectrum of self-concept although no characteristics exist in isolation as one’s self-concept is a collection of beliefs about oneself. While closely related with self-concept clarity (which "refers to the extent to which self-knowledge
is clearly and confidently defined, internally consistent, and temporally stable"), it presupposes but is distinguishable from self-awareness
, which is simply an individual's awareness of their self. It is also more general than self-esteem
, which is a function of the purely evaluative element of the self-concept.