involves establishing specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-targeted (S.M.A.R.T
. Work on the theory of goal-setting suggests that an effective tool for making progress is to ensure that participants in a group with a common goal are clearly aware of what is expected from them. On a personal level, setting goals helps people work towards their own objectives. Goal setting features as a major component of personal development
literature. The word goal is also one of the most recognizable words in management for motivational endeavors.