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Synonym of Division of labor

Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia
Division of labour
The division of labour is the specialization of Labour economics who perform specific tasks and roles. Because of the large amount of labour saved by giving workers specialized tasks in Industrial Revolution era factories, classical economists such as Adam Smith and mechanical engineers such as Charles Babbage were proponents of division of labour. Also, having workers perform single or limited tasks eliminated the long training period required to train craftsmen, who were replaced with lesser paid but more productive unskilled workers. Historically, an increasingly complex division of labour is associated with the growth of total output and trade, the rise of capitalism, and of the complexity of industrialised processes. The concept and implementation of division of labour has been observed in ancient Sumerian (Mesopotamian) culture, where assignment of jobs in some cities coincided with an increase in trade and economic interdependence. In addition to trade and economic interdependence, division of labour generally increases both producer and individual worker productivity.

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De Nederlandstalige Wikipedia - De vrije encyclopedie
Arbeidsdeling
Arbeidsdeling is het opsplitsen van taken of arbeid. Hierbij wordt onderscheid gemaakt tussen maatschappelijke arbeidsdeling en technische arbeidsdeling. Bij maatschappelijke arbeidsverdeling worden hoofdtaken verdeeld in subtaken, bij technische arbeidsdeling worden ook die subtaken verdeeld in eenvoudige handelingen. Dit maakt specialisatie mogelijk, waardoor een grotere efficiëntie bereikt kan worden. Van internationale arbeidsverdeling is sprake als arbeid wordt verdeeld tussen landen. Ook onder dieren is wel sprake van arbeidsverdeling, zoals bij sociale insecten.

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Wikipedia en español - La enciclopedia libre
División del trabajo
División del trabajo es la especialización y cooperación de las fuerzas laborales en diferentes tareas y roles, con el objetivo de mejorar la eficiencia. Aunque es consustancial a toda actividad humana desde la prehistoria, se intensificó con la revolución neolítica que originó las sociedades agrarias y aceleró de modo extraordinario su contribución al cambio tecnológico y social con el desarrollo del capitalismo y la revolución industrial.

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Wikipedia Deutsch - Die freie Enzyklopädie
Arbeitsteilung
Arbeitsteilung ist ein Element der Kooperation (Zusammenwirkung) und bezeichnet den Prozess der Aufteilung eines Arbeitsvollzugs unter Lebewesen, Personen oder Systemen. Die Arbeitsteilung bedarf der Koordination.

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Wikipédia Français - L'encyclopédie libre
Division du travail
L'expression division du travail aurait été créée au par Bernard Mandeville (ou de Mandeville), dans sa Fable des abeilles, où il analyse, « de façon spirituelle et pénétrante », de nouveaux aspects du fonctionnement réel de la société.
La division du travail renvoie à plusieurs notions distinctes mais complémentaires : la division sociale du travail, la division technique du travail et la division internationale du travail.

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Polskojezyczna Wikipedia - wolna encyklopedia
Podzial pracy
Podział pracy pojęcie używane w socjologii i ekonomii oznaczające proces różnicowania się społeczeństwa ze względu na przyjmowanie różnych ról zawodowych wraz z powiększającą się specjalizacją wykonywanych czynności na rzecz społeczeństwa.

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Wikipedia 日本語 - フリー百科事典
分業
分業(ぶんぎょう、division of labor)とは,複数の人員が役割を分担して(モノ)の生産を行うことである。もともとは経済学の用語であったが,現代では幅広く社会関係全般に適用して使われている。

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Wikipedia Português - A enciclopédia livre
Divisão do trabalho
Dá-se o nome de divisão do trabalho à especialização de funções que permite a cada pessoa criar, usar e acentuar, com máxima vantagem, qualquer diferença peculiar em aptidões e recursos. Tem como consequência o trabalho  cooperativo em tarefas específicas e delimitadas, com o objetivo de aumentar a eficiência da produção. Historicamente, a emergência de uma divisão do trabalho cada vez mais complexa está associada ao aumento do comércio, ao surgimento do capitalismo e à complexidade dos processos de industrialização. Posteriormente, a divisão do trabalho atingiu o nível de uma prática gerencial de bases científicas com os estudos de tempo e movimento associados ao Taylorismo.

Na história da espécie humana, a primeira divisão do trabalho ocorreu entre homens e mulheres, mas tornou-se ainda mais sofisticada com o advento da agricultura e a surgimento da civilização.


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Svenska Wikipedia – den fria encyklopedin
Arbetsfördelning
Arbetsfördelning innebär att dela upp arbetsuppgifterna efter kompetens. Arbetsdelningen har varit en viktig källa till ekonomisk tillväxt. Adam Smith beskrev hur arbetsfördelning i samband med tillverkning av nålar kunde öka produktiviteten markant. David Ricardo formulerade teorin om komparativa fördelar, som visar hur alla som deltar i handel tjänar på utbytet.

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Ceská Wikipedie- Bezplatná encyklopedie
Delba práce
Delba práce (nebo delba cinností) je forma spolupráce, na níž se ruzní úcastníci (jednotlivé osoby, firmy, oblasti atd.) podílejí ruznými cinnostmi (specializace), které je potreba koordinovat a integrovat. Cílem je vyšší produktivita práce, nižší náklady a lepší technologické možnosti.

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Русская Википедия - свободная энциклопедия
Разделение труда
Разделение труда - экономическое явление, при котором происходит профессиональная специализация, сужение и иногда углубление функций отдельного специалиста. Общий производственный процесс разбивается на предельно простые операции, каждую из которых выполняет отдельный человек либо механизм.

Является причиной повышения общей производительности труда организованной группы специалистов (синергетический эффект) за счет:

  1. Выработки навыков и автоматизма совершения простых повторяющихся операций
  2. Сокращения времени затрачиваемого на переход между различными операциями

Концепция разделения труда довольно полно описана Адамом Смитом в первых трех главах своего пятитомного трактата "Исследование о природе и причинах богатства народов".


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Suomenkielinen Wikipedia – vapaa tietosanakirja
Työnjako
Työnjako on yhteiskunnan organisoitumisen ulottuvuus, jossa eri ihmiset tekevät keskenään erilaisia töitä. Sosiaalinen työnjako merkitsee jakoa ammatteihin ja se lienee yhtä vanha kuin ihmiskunta. Tekninen työnjako tarkoittaa työtehtävien jako ammattia pienempiin kokonaisuuksiin, jotka vaativat vähemmän osaamista.

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hFarsi - advanced version
division of labor

کامپيوتر : تقسيم کار
بازرگانى : تقسيم کار

 
کلمات مرتبط(3) 

کلمات مرتبط(division of labor):




بازگشت به واژه division of labor



division 
labor 
 of 



Dansk Wikipedia - den frie encyklopædi
Arbejdsdeling
Ved arbejdsdeling forstår man den udførelse af arbejdet, hvor det nødvendige forbrug af arbejdskraft til fremstilling af en vare fordeles mellem flere personer, sådan at hver af dem kun udfører en enkelt del af hele processen. Med arbejdsdeling følger derfor også en arbejdsspecialisering, hvor den enkeltes arbejde består i en række af ensartede præstationer. Når specialiseringen mangler, som det f.eks. sker, når de enkelte arbejdere inden for et arbejdssjak alle er beskæftiget på samme måde, kan man ikke tale om arbejdsdeling.

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MHM Advanced English > Persian (v. 90)
division of labor
{کامپيوتر}: تقسيم کار
{بازرگانى}: تقسيم کار

Lietuviškoji Vikipedija - laisvoji enciklopedija
Darbo pasidalinimas
Darbo pasidalinimas – reiškinys ekonomikoje, kai vyksta profesine specializacija, siaureja ir gileja atskiros specialisto funkcijos.

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Babylon English-Turkish
division of labor
işbölümü, uzmanlaşma, işin dağıtılması, bir ürünün seri üretimini gerçekleştirmek için her göreve birkaç çalışanın getirilmesiyle bir işin uzmanlık alanlarına bölünmesi

Babylon English
division of labor
distribution of work, division of a job into specialized parts with a few individuals assigned to each task in order to enable mass production of a product

Babylon English-Arabic
division of labor
تقسيم العمل, توزيع العمل, توزيع الوظيفة لأقسام متخصصة وإعطاء كل مجموعة المهام المختصة بها لكي يتم الإنتاج بشكل ناجح

Babylon English-Hebrew
division of labor
חלוקת עבודה

Babylon English-French
division of labor
partage du travail

Babylon English-Spanish
division of labor
Repartimiento del trabajo

Babylon English-Italian
division of labor
divisione del lavoro

Babylon English-German
division of labor
Arbeitsteilung

Babylon English-Japanese
division of labor
分業

Wikipedia na Bosanskom – Slobodna enciklopedija
Podjela rada
Podjela rada predstavlja profesionalnu opredjeljenost pojedinca da se bavi odredenom djelatnoscu. Prvi oblik podjele rada je prirodna ili samonikla podjela rada koja se javlja u okviru porodice ili plemena. Osnova ovoj podjeli je spol i uzrast. Historijski znacaj imaju tri velika dogadaja koja su uticala na podjelu rada:
  • razdvajanje poljoprivrede od stocarstva,
  • razdvajanje zanatstva od poljoprivrede i
  • razdvajanje trgovine od zanatstva.
U sferi materijalne proizvodnje postoji:
  • opca,
  • posebna i
  • pojedinacna podjela rada.
Opca podjela rada sastoji se u podjeli privrede na razne oblasti: industrija, sumarstvo, poljoprivredu…). Posebna podjela rada dijeli se na pojedine grane (industrija: tekstilna, drvna, crna i obojena metalurgija). Pojedinacna podjela rada manifestuje se u privrednoj jedinici. Ona se cesto naziva tehnickom podjelom rada jer se vrsi na osnovu:
  • profesionalne opredjeljenosti pojedinca: kovac, tehnicar, programer, pravnik…;
  • u okviru poslvone jedinice (faze proizvodnje): priprema rada, nabavka, proizvodnja
I na kraju medunarodna podjela rada predstavlja danas ukupnost odnosa preko kojih je jedna zemlja ukuljucena u svjetska privredna kretanja.

Za vise informacija, pogledajte Wikipedia.org...

Babylon English-Portuguese
division of labor
divisão de trabalho

Babylon English-Dutch
division of labor
arbeidsverdeling

Babylon English-Danish
division of labor
fordeling af arbejde, opdeling af en opgave i specialiserede dele med nogle få mennesker tilknyttet til hver opgave for at gøre det muligt at masseproducere et produkt

.:Mas_NDon English Indonesian Dictionary
division of labor
pembagian kerja
my child #04

Babylon English-Swedish
division of labor
arbetsfördelning

An English-Spanish Dictionary (Granada University, Spain), 14.4
division of labour
(n.) = división del trabajo.
Ex: There are divergences of opinion within the library profession about the proper division of labour between professional and clerical staff.

Babylon English-Russian
division of labor
разделение труда

English To Urdu Lughat
division of labor
Eng: division of labor
Urdu: تخصیص کار ۔ تقسیم کار ۔
  

saja english to turkish dictionary v.2
division of labor
işbölümü.

Erzin English-Turkish Dictionary
division of labor
iş bölümü

Mustafa YILDIZ's English to Turkish Dictionary
division of labor
isbölümü

English-Serbian dictionary
Division Of Labor
Podela Rada

English2Turkish
division of labor
işbölümü.

Math
division of labor
تقسيم كار

English-Esperanto
division of labor
labordivido

Business English-Ukrainian Lingvistica'98 dictionary
division of labor
(n) поділ праці

Industrial Engineering
division of labor
تقسيم کار

Glossary of archaeological research
division of labor
división de trabajo

Glossary of Sociology
DIVISION OF LABOR
The specialization of work tasks or occupations. All societies have some division of labor based on age and sex. But with the development of industrialism the division of labor becomes far more complex which affects many parts of the sociocultural system.

The Glossary of the American Council on Science and Health
division of labor
The distribution of an operation and its objectives to persons and equipment.

Environmental Economics Glossary
Division of Labor
Assigning of specific tasks to workers and productive resources; it is a reflection of economic specialization.

A Glossary of Political Economy Terms
Division of labor
The division of a complex production process into a number of simpler tasks, each one of which is undertaken by a different individual who typically (but not necessarily) specializes in one task (or a very few tasks) on a more or less permanent basis. The advantages of division of labor for enhancing human productivity were first extensively analyzed by Adam Smith in his 1776 classic The Wealth of Nations, where he coined the phrase. Whereas Smith's famous analysis of the pin factory emphasized improvements in technical efficiency (the time and physical movement saved by workers no longer having to switch from one operation and set of tools to another), it also took note of the improvements in allocational efficiency made possible by developing and then taking advantage of workers' differing skills and talents according to the (at that time not yet named) principle of comparative advantage.

In the broadest sense, the extension of the division of labor is the fundamental feature of a modern or developed economy, in which gigantic increases in the volume and variety of production have been attained -- but at the cost of massively increasing economic interdependence within larger and larger populations spread over larger and larger geographical areas. In such a complex society, instead of each individual or family attempting to produce all or most of what it consumes, the individual specializes in producing only a few kinds of good or service (or perhaps only small components of a single good or service) and then acquires all other desired goods or services from the production of other specialists by means of mutual exchange (or, in non-market economies, perhaps through coercive or customary transfer).

It is worth noting that, while economists tend to emphasize the immense production- and efficiency-enhancing effects of a complex, geographically extensive, and highly specialized division of labor and the markedly higher average standard of living it makes possible, anthropologists, sociologists, and social-psychologists (as well as many philosophers, artists and social theorists) tend to focus more on other presumed non-economic side-effects of greater social differentiation that they typically view in a much more negative light -- such as the development of a diminished sense of wholeness or personal authorship that may result in lessened emotional satisfaction from one's work; greater difficulties in generating agreement on moral principles and a sense of social solidarity or "belongingness" when the far-flung members of society live their lives in such varied ways and develop such diverse interests; the insecurity of the individual's social status when people are no longer assigned their place in society but must continually compete with others to retain or improve their own social positions; the loss of the sense of community mastery over one's fate that comes with dependence upon distant and unknown people for the provision of most of one's vital necessities, and so on. Analyzing and critiquing the many consequences of an advanced and highly specialized division of labor is among the central themes in the works of such pioneer modern social theorists as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Karl Marx, Ferdinand Toennies, Henry Maine, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim, to mention only a few, and these same topics still remain central to much of contemporary social thought. [See: socialism].

[See also: specializationmarket economyefficiency]

  
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