The basic needs
approach is one of the major approaches to the measurement of absolute poverty
in developing countries. It attempts to define the absolute minimum resources necessary for long-term physical well-being
, usually in terms of consumption goods
. The poverty line
is then defined as the amount of income
required to satisfy those needs. The 'basic needs' approach was introduced by the International Labour Organization's World Employment Conference in 1976. "Perhaps the high point of the WEP was the World Employment Conference of 1976, which proposed the satisfaction of basic human needs as the overriding objective of national and international development policy. The basic needs approach to development was endorsed by governments and workers’ and employers’ organizations from all over the world. It influenced the programmes and policies of major multilateral and bilateral development agencies, and was the precursor to the human development approach."